Naturopathic Doctors are recognized primary health care practitioners in many jurisdictions. NDs are trained to complete standard medical intakes, perform physical exams, order and interpret laboratory tests along with understanding various treatment modalities.
Naturopathic Doctors have a minimum 3 years of pre-medical sciences at University prior to applying to a four-year post-graduate program at one of 7 accredited schools in North America, including 2 in Canada. Naturopathic Training includes 4,500 of training in basic sciences, clinical and naturopathic disciplines, as well as 1,500 hours of supervised clinical experience. NDs are required to complete standardized board exams, as well as practical and jurisprudence exams specific to where they will hold their license. Many complete additional training and certification, and have to maintain continuing medical education training as described by their regulatory board.